Where do clothes end up after their useful life?

Primarily in the landfill. Each year in America, an average of 30 kilograms of used textiles per person is sent to landfills, amounting to a total of over 9 billion kilograms annually. It is estimated that 95% of these used textiles could be reused, repurposed or recycled.  


The goal of the TO Stool is to adjust throwaway habits by encouraging and facilitating the diversion of used textiles into circular life cycle streams. A removable bag located underneath the seat, which is often wasted space, creates a dedicated area within the home for the storage of textiles intended for donation or recycling. Once full, the bag can easily be removed for transporting to donation facilities.

ALuminium process

Ideation was focused on how to manipulate sheet aluminum to be robust enough to hold the weight of users. The final form was chosen after several scale mock-ups were made to test the load weight. The inclusion of perforations in the sheet metal meant that the sheet metal could be flat-packed be assembled at home. 

Challenging Habits.

Ideally two positive outcomes could come from a dedicated space within the home for used textiles. Firstly, it has the potential to shift consumer habits away from throwing used textiles in the garbage, and subsequently the landfill. As a result, these useful materials can contribute to the circular economy for reuse, re-purposing or recycling.  Secondly, as opposed to textiles being out of sight and out of mind after being thrown away, the amount of clothing in the TO stools bag would give users a visual feedback of just how much textile they are consuming. consuming. 


The three core materials of the TO Stool were selected to create a robust product and ensure an extended useful life, while also being cyclical. Fasteners were minimized to three hex screws used to fasten aluminium to itself, in order to ensure each material would be easily separable at the end of its useful life, facilitating the recycling process. 

lifecycle analysis

In addition to encouraging reuse and recycling, TO is designed with highly recyclable and C2C certified materials. At the end of the stool’s lifecycle, the aluminium frame can easily be disassembled and infinitely recycled; the renewable wood base can be repurposed or composted along with the Reworx® textile bag.